Sara’s Publications


Bernstein, J.M. & S. Ruane. 2022. Maximizing molecular data from low-quality fluid-preserved specimens in natural history collections. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution (invited for special issue, Recent Advances in Museomics: Revolutionizing Biodiversity Research). fevo-10-893088

Bernstein, J.M., …, S. Ruane. 2022. Undescribed diversity in a widespread, common group of Asian mudsnakes (Serpentes: Homalopsidae: Hypsiscopus). Ichthyology & Herpetology, 110:561-574. Bernstein et al. 2022

Cordero, G.A., K. Birk, S. Ruane, S.A. Dinkelacker, & F.J. Janzen, F.J. 2022. Effects of the egg incubation environment on turtle carapace development. Evolution and Development In Press.

Burbrink, F.T., B.I. Crother, C.M. Murray, B.T. Smith, S. Ruane, E.A. Myers, & R.A. Pyron. 2022. Empirical and philosophical problems with the subspecies rank. Ecology and Evolution. Empirical and philosophical problems with the subspecies rank.

Sena, A.T., III & S. Ruane. 2022. Concepts and contentions of coral snake resemblance: Batesian mimicry  and its alternatives. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. Sena_and_Ruane2022

Burbrink, F.T., A.L. Kuhn, M. Gehara, J. Bernstein, & S. Ruane. 2022. Ecological divergence and the history of gene flow in the Nearctic milkshakes (Lampropeltis triangulum complex). Systematic Biology proofs syab093

Kuhn, A.L., M. Gehara, S.M. Andrianarimalala, N. Rabibisoa, B. Randriamahatantsoa, C.J. Raxworthy, S. Ruane, & F.T. Burbrink. 2022. Drivers of unique and asynchronous population dynamics in Malagasy herpetofauna. Journal of Biogeography Kuhn et al 2022

Burbrink, F.T. & S. Ruane. 2021. Contemporary philosophy and methods for evidence-based species delimitations. In press, Ichthyology & Herpetology. Open access here and here Burbrink_and_Ruane_2021

Rittmeyer, E.N., A. Elmonier, & S. Ruane. 2021. Phylogeography of the Rough Greensnake, Opheodrys aestivus (Squamata: Colubridae), using multilocus Sanger sequence and genomic ddRADseq data. Journal of Herpetology pdf here: hpet-55-04-05_342..354

Durso, A.M….S. Ruane…2021. Citizen science and online data: Opportunities and challenges for snake ecology and action against snakebite. In press, Toxicon (invited special issue) Dursoetal_2021_Citizenscienceandonlinedata

Ruane, S. 2021. New data from old specimens. Ichthyology & Herpetology 109:392-396. Ruane_2021_NewData

Bernstein, J.M., J.C. Murphy, H.K. Voris, R.M. Brown, & S. Ruane. 2021. Phylogenetics of Mud Snakes (Squamata: Serpentes: Homalopsidae): A paradox of both undescribed diversity and taxonomic inflation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 160: 107109. Bernstein et al 2021

Burbrink, F.T., …Ruane, S., … & H. Zaher. 2020. Interrogating the genomes of Squamata (lizards, snakes, and amphisbaenians) with novel machine-learning techniques show no support for deeper traditional morphological relationships.  Systematic Biology Burbrink et al 2020

Burbrink, F.T., Ruane, S., …. & C.J. Raxworthy. 2019. The origins and diversification of the exceptionally rich gemsnakes in Madagascar.  Systematic Biology Burbrink_et_al_2019

Goodman, A.M.,… & S. Ruane. 2019. New Record and Range Expansion of Masticophis lateralis Hallowell, 1853 (Squamata, Colubridae) into Western Baja California Sur, Mexico. Check List Journal 15: 345-348. CheckList_Masticophis

Veerappan, D., Ruane, S., & Gower, D. 2018. A new subfamily of fossorial colubroid snakes from the Western Ghats of peninsular India. Journal of Natural History 52: 2919-2934. A new subfamily of fossorial colubroid snakes from the Western Ghats of peninsular India

Harrington, S.M., deHaan, J.M.*, Shapiro, L.*, & S. Ruane. 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification.  Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125:61-71. *High school/undergraduate students mentored by S. Ruane Harrington_et_al_2018

Streicher, J. & S. Ruane. 2018. Phylogenomics of snakes. eLS (Wiley Encyclopedia of Life Sciences) [DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0027476] (Invited  Review).

Ruane, S., Richards, S.J., McVay, J.D., Tjaturadi, B., Krey, K., & C.C Austin. 2018. Cryptic and non-cryptic diversity in New Guinea ground snakes of the genus Stegonotus Duméril, Bibron and Duméril, 1854: A description of four new species (Squamata: Colubridae). Journal of Natural  History 52: 13–16, 917–944 (Invited for Special Issue: Integrative Taxonomy of Reptiles). Available here: Cryptic and non cryptic diversity in New Guinea ground snakes


Ruane, S., Myers, E.A., Lo, K.*, Yuen, S.*, Welt, R.S., Juman, M.*, Futterman, I.*, Nussbaum, R.A,  Schneider, G., Burbrink, F.T., & C.J. Raxworthy. 2018. Unrecognized species diversity and new insights into color pattern polymorphism within the widespread Malagasy snake Mimophis (Serpentes: Lamprophiidae). Systematics and Biodiversity. 16: 229-244. *High school student mentored by S.Ruane. Ruane_et_al_2018

Ruane, S., & C.C. Austin. 2017. Phylogenomics using formalin-fixed and 100+ year old intractable natural history specimens. Molecular Ecology Resources, doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12655 ruane_et_al-2017-molecular_ecology_resources

This 100+ year old snake  Xylophis stenorhynchus was sequenced for thousands of UCEs; Specimen loaned from California Academy of Sciencesxylophis

Burbrink, F.T., Y. Chan, E.A. Myers, S. Ruane, B.T. Smith, & M.J. Hickerson. 2016. Asynchronous demographic responses to Eastern Nearctic Pleistocene climate changes in vertebrate communities. Ecology Letters doi: 10.1111/ele.12695. burbrink_et_al-2016-ecology_letters

Ruane, S., F.T. Burbrink, B. Randriamahatantsoa, & C.J. Raxworthy. 2016. The cat-eyed snakes of Madagascar: Phylogeny and description of a new species of Madagascarophis (Serpentes: Lamprophiidae) from the tsingy of Ankarana. Copeia 104: 712-721. Ruane_et_al_2016_lolo


Ruane, S., C.J. Raxworthy, A.R. Lemmon, E. Lemmon Moriarty, F.T. Burbrink. 2015. Comparing species-tree estimation with large anchored phylogenomic and small Sanger-sequenced molecular datasets: An empirical study on Malagasy pseudoxyrhophiine snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 15:221 DOI 10.1186/s12862-015-0503-1 BMC_Pseudoxyrhophiines_Ruane_et_al_2015


Ruane, S., O. Torres-Carvajal, & F.T. Burbrink. 2015. Independent demographic responses to climate change among temperate and tropical milksnakes (Colubridae: Genus Lampropeltis). PLoS ONE, Ruane et al. PLoS ONE 2015

Ruane, S. 2015. Using geometric morphometrics for integrative taxonomy: An examination of head shapes of milksnakes (genus Lampropeltis). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society DOI: 10.1111/zoj.12245. Ruane_2015

*Ruane, S., R. Bryson, Jr., R.A. Pyron, & F.T. Burbrink. 2014. Coalescent species delimitation in Milksnakes (genus Lampropeltis) and impacts on phylogenetic comparative analyses. Systematic Biology 63:231-250. *Cover image designed by S. Ruane. Ruane_Syst_Biol_2014

Here’s the World Congress of Herpetology 2012 talk I did that accompanies the coalescent species delimitation in milksnakes paper (Winner of SSAR Seibert Award for Systematics, best student presentation).


Myers, E.A., J.A. Rodriguez-Robles, D.F. DeNardo, R.E. Staub, A. Stropoli*, S. Ruane, & F.T. Burbrink. 2013. Multilocus phylogeographic assessment of the California Mountain Kingsnake (Lampropeltis zonata) suggests alternative patterns of diversification for the California Floristic Province. Molecular Ecology 22:5418-5429. *High school student author. Link

Myers, E.A., S. Ruane, K. Knight, J.L. Knight, & J.M. Ray. 2013. Distribution Record of Tantilla alticola Boulenger, 1903 (Squamata: Colubridae) in Coclé Province, Republic of Panama. Check List Journal 9: 151–152. Tantilla_Checklist_2013

Burbrink, F.T., S. Ruane, & R.A. Pyron. 2012. When are adaptive radiations replicated in areas? Ecological opportunity and unexceptional diversification in West Indian Dipsadine snakes (Colubridae: Alsophiini). Journal of Biogeography 39: 465-475. Burbrink_et_al_2012_Alsophiine

Burbrink, F.T., H. Yao*, M. Ingrasci, R. Bryson, T.J. Guiher, & S. Ruane. 2011. Speciation at the Mogollon Rim in the Arizona Mountain Kingsnake (Lampropeltis pyromelana). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60:445-454. *High school student author. Burbrink_et_al_2011_pyromelana

Ruane, S., R.A. Pyron, & F.T. Burbrink. 2011. Phylogenetic relationships of the Cretaceous frog Beelzebufo from Madagascar and the placement of fossil constraints based on temporal and phylogenetic evidence. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24: 274-285. Ruane_et_al_2011_Beelzebufo

Ruane, S., S.A. Dinkelacker, & J.B. Iverson. 2008. Demographic and reproductive traits of Blanding’s turtles, Emydoidea blandingii, at the Western edge of the species’ range. Copeia 4:771-779. Ruane_et_al_Copeia_2008

sara ruane alligator snapping

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